When a woman gets past the age of 50, her ovaries stop producing female sex hormones, the supply of eggs is depleted, and menopause begins. As a result of such changes, various diseases appear in women which also affect their appearance. This period, associated with hormonal adjustment, lasts for several years, after which menstruation and the ability to have children completely disappear. As a rule, the age when a woman may stop menstruating is 48–55 years old, but the signs of this process sometimes begin much earlier, at 40–45 years.
If the menopause begins in a woman under 45 years old, it might indicate early menopause. This may result due to the diseases associated with the endocrine system, ovarian surgery, genetic characteristics, as well as the use of hormonal drugs.
Menopause that begins after the age of 55 is delayed. The reason for the delay can be hereditary factors, as well as the appearance of tumors that lead to hyperestrogenism.
The main factor directly affecting the time of the onset of menopause in older women is heredity.
When a woman reaches the age of 51–55 years, she may experience the following symptoms signaling the arrival of menopause:
menstrual flow becomes smaller, and the interval between menstruation is greater;
recurrent hot flashes, i.e., a sensation of heat;
blood pressure jumps begin;
periods of irritability appear;
reduced sexual desire.
If the onset of menopause causes a strong manifestation of symptoms such as frequent flushes, headache, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disorders, the therapist can refer to a specialist for a blood test for hormones. In some cases, one has to resort to hormone therapy in order to alleviate the condition and slow down the process of aging. However, it must be remembered that it is selected for each woman individually, otherwise, overdose may cause problems with obesity and oncology. In addition, sedatives may be prescribed to strengthen the immune system. Upon reaching the age of 50 years, women begin to lack such vitamins as A, C, E, D, K and group B, as well as minerals, in particular, magnesium, calcium, zinc, phosphorus, selenium, and iodine. To counter this, activities like swimming, walking, and cycling are suggested by the experts. You must try not to react to stressful situations too violently, as this may lead to hypertension and heart disease. It is also necessary to completely eliminate bad habits such as smoking and alcohol while limiting the consumption of strong coffee and spicy food.